First, here are the Community Property States:
1. Arizona 2. Washington 3. California 4. Idaho
5. Wisconsin 6. New Mexico 7. Louisiana 8. Texas 9. Nevada
In community property law, your liability is your spouse's liability. Her liability is yours. Your assets are hers. And hers are yours. (Exceptions: assets and liabilities brought into the marriage).
1. No Separation of Liability. The bottom line is that if you live in one of these states there really is no separation of liability. If you owe taxes, your spouse automatically will owe. And if she owes, you will owe. Therefore, filing separately offers just the "illusion" of separate liability. But in truth, you both really will owe.
2. Filing Separately is a Higher Tax Rate. Furthermore, filing separate is paying a higher tax rate. Yes some spouses do NOT get along and want financial distance from each other! But paying higher taxes and filing separately can be a cut your nose to spite your face type of proposition.
3. Filing Separately Requires a 50/50 Split of Income and Deductions. If the higher tax rate and lack of separation of liability aren't enticing enough to you to file jointly then filing separately means that you must split everything 50/50 on your tax return. If you are the lower earner, this can be problematic: you'll include the higher earner's income on your return and if he didn't pay enough tax, well, you'll owe.
4. Filing Jointly But Non-Liable Spouse Getting Refund. So, what if you file jointly, but you want to see if you can avoid your "refund" going to your spouse's old tax liability? You can use the Injured Spouse Allocation to get your refund. But this will delay your refund to up to 14 weeks.